HEALTH: Spotlight On Meningitis
Meningitis is one of the deadly health conditions that can kill within a few hours when infected, but it seems lots of people of little or no idea about the disease.
Meningitis is the inflammation of the lining around the cord membranes, typically caused by an infection. It is usually caused by a viral infection but can also be bacterial or fungal.
Meningitis spreads by airborne respiratory droplets such as coughs or sneezes. It mostly occurs during the dry season.
Symptoms include headache, fever, stiff neck, fast heart rate, fear of sound, loss of appetite, sleepiness, sensitivity to light, and mental confusion.
The type of Meningitis one gets determines the treatment one will receive, meningitis may get better on its own or it can be life-threatening which may require urgent antibiotic treatment.
Some medications include antibiotics, penicillin antibiotics, and steroids or one may receive oxygen therapy.
There are five types of Meningitis, the common types are viral and bacterial meningitis with chemical and fungal meningitis been the rare types.
Meningitis can strike quickly and kill within hours but early medical diagnosis and treatment may prevent brain damage and death.
Meningitis can affect anyone but the age groups most at risk of infection are infants 6 to 18 months of age, children under the age of 5years, adolescents, and young adults.
It is also estimated to cause more death in children under 5 years of age than malaria.
Story by: Bervelyn Allotey